Competition and credit procyclicality in European banking


This paper empirically assesses how competition in the banking sector affects credit procyclicality by estimating both an interacted panel VAR model using macroeconomic data and a single-equation model with bank-level data. These two empirical approaches show that a deviation of actual GDP from potential GDP leads to greater credit fluctuations in economies where bank competition is weak. This suggests that increased market power for banks increases the financial accelerator mechanism, which is consistent with recent macroeconomic models showing that monopolistic banking tends to increase macroeconomic volatility by making credit cheaper during booms and more expensive during recessions.

Publication type: 
Scientific Article
Date de parution: 
Journal of Banking & Finance