The Impact of COVID-19 on Bank Profitability: Cross-Country EvidenceWhelsy BOUNGOU, EMMANUELLE AUGERAUD-VERON
Using data from 5474 banks located in 23 OECD countries over the period 2019Q2-2022Q1, we study the influence of COVID-19 on bank profitability (before and during the COVID-19 vaccination period). Our results show a negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on bank profitability, especially at the onset of the health crisis. In addition, we find that vaccination against COVID-19 had a positive effect on bank profitability, not yet sufficient to compensate for the losses generated at the beginning of the pandemic. Finally, we show that these effects depend on the characteristics of banks (notably size and capital) before vaccination and on the severity of the crisis across countries. Overall, we provide the first evidence of the influence of vaccination on bank behavior in terms of profitability.